The Lower Mississippi River Water Trail

Getting Back

Whether you paddle back from the Gulf, or hitch a ride with a powerboat, Cypress Cove is the best place to return to, and meet your shuttle home. Venice Marina is a close second. A lot of paddlers in recent years have arranged for powerboats to shuttle them back from the ocean, or have hitched rides from passing fishing boats or workboats on their return to home port (which is almost always Venice for everyone in the Birdsfoot Delta). And you might decide the same, that you don’t want to paddle upstream. The current can sometimes be tough to paddle against, and the wind might be unfavorable. You are probably exhausted from your long day’s paddle to reach the coast, and really don’t have the energy to paddle back. But you can spend the night and do it in the morning. You probably already know that it isn’t too tough to paddle upstream. But we’re going to remind you here. And also offer the option for an extra day or two for a supreme ending to your expedition. You can make an extra campsite, and the take an extra day to paddle back to Venice. You will never be more than 25 miles from any given extremity of the Birdsfoot Delta. (The only exception would be the Southwest Pass, which is not recommended) The Quapaws are the downstream people, and the Omahas are the Upstream people. You have been a Quapaw for three months or more. Be an Omaha for a day or two. Anyone who has paddled the length of the Mississippi can surely paddle back upstream 25 miles! If the water is high and you have headwinds it might require 2 days of paddling. Lastly and most importantly, there is a distinct beauty in being an Omaha and making the upstream paddle home. You see the marshes and cane brakes and islands and mudflats up close and intimately in a way that you never do paddling downstream. You get closer to birds and other wildlife. You might see (and take photos of) animals you have not been able to approach, like nutria, osprey, green tree frogs, and maybe even a gator.

Upstream Paddling

The trick to upstream paddling is to find the path of least resistance. On a river, that means staying as close to shore as possible without grounding out. It helps to hug the inside of long bends when possible. You will find it necessary to follow the long lines around wing dams, jetties and dikes, and paddle underneath docks or other man-made structures that get in the way. But the most important skill in being an Omaha is learning to dive in and out of eddies. Paddle like the French Voyageurs of the Lewis and Clark who paddled up the Missouri, and then later up the Columbia and Snake rivers. Watch carefully in front of you for eddies and slow places and use them to your advantage. Cut into every eddy you can find and relax when you can. As the water speed increases past points in between eddies paddle hard and tough with quick bursts of energy. Find the next slow place and take a break. If the wind is blowing, hug the shore which offers the best protection.

For the most part paddling up the passes from the ocean will be enjoyable, and not too tough. The water is slow in most passes (unless in flood). Try to time your return with the incoming tide. The most challenging portion of your return paddle to Venice will be the 10 mile stretch of the main channel from Mile -0- up to Venice. The currents are almost always strong here, even with the tide in your favor. Also, you will have to make a channel crossing somewhere along the way (since all the attractive passes except SW pass are found flowing from the East Bank opposite Venice). This might be a dangerous crossing with the frequent freighter traffic moving up and down the river through here. But with careful examination, and monitoring your VHF marine radio on channel 67 you will be fine. Make your crossing as quick as possible, in a perpendicular run straight for the opposite shore, even if it means losing some ground due to river flow. You will quickly regain any lost ground once you resume paddling back up the other shore.

In general the East Bank will be easier to paddle alongside going upstream since it has slower flowing water. You will have to maneuver around some of the docking and port facilities surrounding Pilottown, but these obstructions further slow the current and make the upstream haul a little easier. Furthermore, the East bank features more inlets, passes, and other breaks that offer more opportunities for rest stops along the way. In contrast, the West Bank between Mile -0- and Venice is an almost contiguous line of rip rap and caged rock. There are only a few openings, and none of them except one (New Pass) with attractive landings. Even though the distance might be a little shorter (depending on what pass you take) the current is faster along the West Bank. All in all East Bank seems to be the best choice for the upstream paddle. The one factor that might change your decision is the wind speed and direction. In a strong west wind or southwest wind you would certainly do better hugging the West Bank.

After ten miles of upstream paddling (from Head of Passes) you will reach the top end of Grand Pass Island, and your long “uphill climb” will be over. Now you can leave off being an Omaha and return to your life as a Quapaw, a downstream paddler. For a short while anyway: all of two miles. Paddle into the gentle current flowing down Grand Pass, and follow it one mile to Tiger Pass, one mile further to take out at Cypress cove. Enjoy the sensation while it lasts. This short downstream paddle is doubly delicious: the end of your upstream travail, and the end of your expedition. Now you are rewarded by one last little piece of downstream muddy waters, the same muddy waters that you started on in St. Louis, or Minneapolis, or Sioux City, or Three Forks, or wherever it is that you first set your vessel into the river and started your first paddle stroke downstream to reach this point.

What do you do now with your Vessel?

After expedition completion, most paddlers arrange a return shuttle home with their canoe, kayak or paddleboard. But a surprising number have no plans to keep their vessels, and try to sell them or donate them to a worthy cause when they reach the end of the river. Some such recipients of donations in the past have been the Mighty Quapaw Apprenticeship Program, the Helena Canoe Club (outdoors program for Arkansas Delta youth), the Clarksdale Canoe Club (outdoors program for Mississippi Delta youth). All of the above are associated with LiNKS, which means “Leave No Kid on Shore.” You can donate any of your vessels to this successful program which has changed the lives of many southern youngsters who otherwise would have no access to the outdoors, and has assisted many of those to a career in outdoor leadership and education.

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Middle Mississippi & Bluegrass Hills / Bootheel 195-0, 954-850 ST. LOUIS TO CARUTHERSVILLE
Chickasaw Bluffs 850 – 737 CARUTHERSVILLE TO MEMPHIS
Upper Delta 737 – 663 MEMPHIS TO HELENA
Middle Delta 663 – 537 HELENA TO GREENVILLE
Loess Bluffs 437 – 225 VICKSBURG TO BATON ROUGE
Atchafalaya River 159 – 0 SIMMESPORT TO MORGAN CITY
Louisiana Delta 229 – 10 BATON ROUGE TO VENICE
Birdsfoot Delta 10 – 0 VENICE TO GULF OF MEXICO
Venice to the Gulf
Water Levels According To The Venice Gage (VG):  
Flood Stage Warning:  
11.5 LBD Sandbars At Mouth Of Baptiste Collette Bayou – North Side
11.4 LBD Shell Beaches At Mouth Of Baptiste Collette Bayou – South Side
11.5 LBD Baptiste Colette Bayou
-1.9 RBD Emeline Pass
-2.5 RBD Fimbel Pass
-6 To -8 Baptiste Collette Jetty
10.5 The Jump: Entrance to the Venice Harbor
Directions To The Marinas In Tiger Pass  
Cypress Cove Marina  
Venice Marina  
10.4 RBD Grand Pass
Grand Pass  
Tiger Pass  
The Wagon Wheel – Venice Salt Dome  
10.2 RBD Grand Pass Island
10.2 To 9.8 RBD WARNING: Iron Pilings In River
9.6 – 8 LBD Lower Venice Anchorage
4.9 LBD Mary Bower’s Pass
4.8 RBD New Pass
4.8 RBD New Pass Cypress Beach
3.5 – 2.9 LBD Cubit’s Gap
Cubit’s Gap/Main Pass Camp  
Octave Pass North  
Cubit’s Gap: Octave Pass  
Cubit’s Gap: Brant Bayou  
Cubit’s Gap: Raphael Pass  
Delta National Wildlife Refuge  
2.4 LBD Shell Pipeline Co., Pilottown Wharf
1.9 LBD Pilottown
0 RBD Mile Zero (SW Pass) Camp  
Head of Passes -0- Mile Zero
Southwest Pass  
River Levels Down SW Pass  
-4.5 LBD Burrwood Bayou (Top Entrance)
-8.9 LBD Pogo Producing Co., E-3 Boat Landing
-14.5 LBD Burrwood Bayou (Bottom Entrance)
-14.5 RBD Dredge Piles
-14.5 LBD Burrwood Bayou Closure
-18.0 LBD Associated Branch Pilots, Southwest Pass Station Wharf
-20.2 LBD End Of The Jetty/End Of The River
South Pass  
-3.4 LBD Picnic/Camping Spot
-4 To -10 RBD East Bay Bayou Openings
-10 RBD Picayune Bayou
-11 RBD Port Eads
-11 RBD High Adventure Marina, Port Eads
-11.8 LBD Bayou Opening (To Backside Of Upper South Pass Island)
-12.1 LBD Tiny Bayou Opening
-12.2 LBD Opening In Jetty Along Ocean Side Of Upper South Pass Island
Upper South Pass Island West Jetty End
-13.5 RBD  
Best End Place: Lower South Pass Island  
-14.2 LBD East Jetty End
Pass A Loutre  
-0.5 RBD Upper Shallow Island
-1.5 RBD Lower Shallow Island
-2 RBD Cheniere Pass
-2.5 RBD Willow Clump
-4 To -5 RBD Wetlands
-6 LBD Muddy Shallows
-11 LBD Disappearing Banks
-12.8 LBD North Pass Island
-15 North Pass Island Beaches
Southeast Pass  
-5.5 RBD Mouth Of Southeast Pass
-7 RBD Pass A Loutre State WMA Picnic Area
-12.5 Channel Splits
-12.5 Southeast Pass Island
Pass A Loutre State Wildlife Wildlife Management Area  
Balize, The Oldest City The Delta Ate  
Getting Back  
Upstream Paddling  
What Do You Do Now With Your Vessel?  
LiNKS = Leave No Kid On Shore